3D printing with living cells is groundbreaking—and challenging. Obstacles include regulation, safe handling, cell viability, long build times and more. There is one big question for engineers looking to solve today’s bioengineering problems: is there an alternative path? At Dimension Inx, engineers have developed advanced biomaterials that do not require living cells in order to build effective structures. Using simple room temperature extrusion, Dimension Inx’s “3D painting” process can create structures such as Hyperelastic Bone®, which converts into natural bony tissue after trauma. Other porous materials are able to provide structure for repairing soft tissue and organ defects. While 3D bioprinting is possible and constantly advancing, these materials are being created to solve medical problems right now.